United States Venusian TerritoriesTimeline: The Second Renaissance
OTL equivalent: Venus, Ceres
"E Pluribus Unum."
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Venus is the second planet from the Sun in the Sol System. The planet is named after Venus, the Roman god of love; it is also referred to as the Second World, the Sister Planet, and the 2nd Rock. Home to millions of species, including humans, Venus will be the third planet ever to support human civilization once it achieves human rated habitability by 2140, after more than 100 years of terraforming.
Venus is a relatively wet planet with 85% of its surface covered in Water. Venus is a terrestrial planet with an atmosphere conditioned to be as thick as Earth’s, having surface features of plains and deserts interspersed with slab-like rocks and periodically refreshed by volcanism. The first humans began exploring Venus in the late 2020s after decades of sparse robotic exploration; the first research colonies sprang up on the surface by the end of the decade; and in 2033 humans began the decades long process of terraforming Venus into a habitable world. Since then, humans have significantly altered the atmosphere and other abiotic conditions on the planet, enabling the proliferation of organisms as well as the formation of the ozone layer which, together with Venus's new magnetic field, blocks harmful radiation, permitting macroscale life on the surface. The deorbiting of Ceres to serve as the Venusian moon, enabled a magnetic field and a stable hydrological system. The physical properties of the planet Venus, as well as its geological history and orbit, allowed life to persist naturally during a brief period roughly 3 billion years ago, prior to a run-away green house effect that saw the boiling off of Venus's oceans, and the extreme thickening of its atmosphere.
Venus originally had a very slow retrograde spin, most likely the result of a major impact during the formation of the solar system. During terraforming, two Lofstrom Loops were constructed at opposite points along the equator to eject some of the Venusian atmosphere to reverse this rotation, and produce a 24 hour day. This process took over five decades, but spared the planet from additional bombardments that would have delayed colonization even further.
Both the mineral resources of the planet, as well as the products of the biosphere, contribute resources that are used to support the limited human population, and will support billions of future colonists. Human cultures have developed many views of the planet, including personification as a deity, a new home for humanity, and the next step as a space faring civilization