Turkmenistan (Turkmen: Türkmenistan) is a country in Central Asia, bordering Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Iran, and Afghanistan. The capital and largest city is Ashgabat. The majority of the Turkmen people are Muslim. Though it had a President for Life since its independence, in 2007 that was abolished and a president was democratically elected.
In early 2019, it joined Uzbekistan and several other countries in a coalition against nearby Kazakhstan. In mid 2019, the coalition invaded the country, with Turkmenistan deploying the second most troops after Uzbekistan. The war resulted in a defeat for Turkmenistan.