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Third Congo War (Rising Africa)

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Third Congo War
Democratic Republic of the Congo location map
Date September 2015 — June 2017
Location Central Africa, mainly the Congo region
Result
Revolutionary victory
Belligerents
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Congolese Revolutionary Movement
  • Free Army of the Congo
  • Congolese Liberation Army
  • Congolese People's Front

Supported by:
Flag of Rwanda Rwanda
Flag of Uganda Uganda
Flag of the Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo
Flag of Burundi Burundi

Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Kabila Administration
  • Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Congolese National Police
  • Mai-Mai militias

Supported by:
Flag of Angola Angola
Flag of the Central African Republic Central African Republic (until December 2015)

Commanders
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Alexandre Kayembe

Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Makila Kutuka
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Ntambo Linga


Flag of Rwanda Nzambe Sungilga

Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Joseph Kabila

Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Didier Etumba Longila


Flag of Angola Lopes Afonso
Flag of the Central African Republic Kumba Amisi

Strength
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo 230,000

Flag of Rwanda 11,000
Flag of Uganda 7,500
Flag of the Republic of the Congo 4,700
Flag of Burundi Unknown

Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo 140,000

Flag of Angola 15,000
Flag of the Central African Republic 580

Casualties and losses
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo 23,000 killed, 38,000 wounded

Flag of Rwanda 2,000 killed or missing, wounded unknown
Flag of Uganda 1,400 killed or missing, 300 wounded
Flag of the Republic of the Congo 800 killed or missing, wounded unknown
Flag of Burundi 4 killed

Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo 28,000 killed, wounded unknown

Flag of Angola 3,000 killed or missing, 5,500 wounded
Flag of the Central African Republic 12 killed, 41 wounded


The Third Congo War was a conflict in Central Africa that occurred from September 2015 to June 2017. It was the result of widespread anger at the 2015 DR Congo presidential elections, in which the incumbent president, Joseph Kabila, won, even though the vast majority of people said they voted for Alexandre Kayembe, a new candidate in the election. This resulted in mass protests, which escalated into riots as the police and republican guard tried to quell them with lethal force. It escalated into full scale civil war when Kayembe declared the formation of the Congolese Revolutionary Movement (CRM), which was intent on overthrowing Kabila. The movement's militias captured much of the eastern DRC in the first several months, getting almost 20,000 army defectors.

Background

2015 presidential elections

In July 2015, the presidential elections occurred in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It was expected that the popular politician from the Congolese Revolutionary Party, Alexandre Kayembe, a former officer in the Congolese air force, would win. The majority of the people were expected to vote for him, as polls showed before the elections. Joseph Kabila, the incumbent president, was widely unpopular, and viewed to be illegitimate by much of the country. The people of the Congo believed that electing Kayembe would bring at least some change to the government in Kinshasa.

However, everyone was shocked to find out that Kabila won. The majority of people immediately called it out and said it must have been rigged, and mass protests quickly began in major cities against Kabila's return to power. Joseph Kabila went on national television and said it was "as much of a surprise to him as it was to others" and that he would be "burdened to accept power again". No one believed him, though.

Nation-wide riots

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