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NASA (Stellar Exploration)

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NASA stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration, an institution that studies space. It is held by USA and sometimes partner Canada, and it a major competer of RASCA. It is the first such to launch satellites at other planet and most of the Dwarf planets except Eris.

NASA logo

Introduction and History

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is the United States government agency responsible for the civilian space program as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

From 1946, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) had been experimenting with rocket planes such as the supersonic Bell X-1. In the early 1950s, there was challenge to launch an artificial satellite for the International Geophysical Year (1957–58). An effort for this was the American Project Vanguard. After the Soviet launch of the world's first artificial satellite (Sputnik 1) on October 4, 1957, the attention of the United States turned toward its own fledgling space efforts. The U.S. Congress, alarmed by the perceived threat to national security and technological leadership (known as the "Sputnik crisis"), urged immediate and swift action; President Dwight D. Eisenhower and his advisers counseled more deliberate measures. This led to an agreement that a new federal agency mainly based on NACA was needed to conduct all non-military activity in space. The Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) was created in February 1958 to develop space technology for military application.

Missions

  • Past: See Wikipedia
  • 2001 Mars Odyssey, Mars orbiter
  • Cassini, Saturn orbiter
  • Chandra X-ray Telescope
  • Curiosity rover (Mars Science Laboratory), Mars rover
  • Dawn, asteroid orbiter
  • Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope
  • Hubble Space Telescope
  • International Space Station
  • Kepler mission
  • Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, Lunar orbiter
  • MESSENGER, Mercury orbiter
  • Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, Mars orbiter
  • MAVEN
  • New Horizons, Pluto flyby
  • Opportunity rover, Mars rover
  • Solar Dynamics Observatory
  • Spitzer Space Telescope
  • STEREO
  • Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Mission

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