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Japaneese Prime Ministers(World leaders)

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This is a list of Prime Ministers of Japan, and its predecessor state the Empire of Japan, from when the first Prime Minister (in the modern sense), Hirobumi Itō, took office in 1885, until the present day. The office is currently held by Taro Aso.

Multiple terms in office, consecutive or otherwise, are listed and counted in the first column (administration number) and the second column counts individuals. For example, Yasuo Fukuda, is listed as the 58th individual to hold the office of prime minister, whilst his first cabinet is the 91st since Hirobumi Itō.

To avoid confusion, all the names on this list follow the Western convention (given name first, family name second) for consistency.

Color key
(for political party)
# Name Took Office Left Office Home State Party Vice President(s)
1 George Washington 1789 1797 Virginia No party John Adams
# Name Took Office Left Office Home State Party Vice President(s)
1 George Washington 1789 1797 Virginia No party John Adams
# Name Took Office Left Office Home State Party Vice President(s)
1 George Washington 1789 1797 Virginia No party John Adams
# Name Took Office Left Office Home State Party Vice President(s)
1 George Washington 1789 1797 Virginia No party John Adams
# Name Took Office Left Office Home State Party Vice President(s)
1 George Washington 1789 1797 Virginia No party John Adams
# Name Took Office Left Office Home State Party Vice President(s)
1 George Washington 1789 1797 Virginia No party John Adams
# Name Took Office Left Office Home State Party Vice President(s)
1 George Washington 1789 1797 Virginia No party John Adams
# Name Took Office Left Office Home State Party Vice President(s)
1 George Washington 1789 1797 Virginia No party John Adams
# Name Took Office Left Office Home State Party Vice President(s)
1 George Washington 1789 1797 Virginia No party John Adams
# Name Took Office Left Office Home State Party Vice President(s)
1 George Washington 1789 1797 Virginia No party John Adams
# Name Took Office Left Office Home State Party Vice President(s)
1 George Washington 1789 1797 Virginia No party John Adams
# Name Took Office Left Office Home State Party Vice President(s)
1 George Washington 1789 1797 Virginia No party John Adams
# Name Took Office Left Office Home State Party Vice President(s)
1 George Washington 1789 1797 Virginia No party John Adams
# Name Took Office Left Office Home State Party Vice President(s)
1 George Washington 1789 1797 Virginia No party John Adams
# Name Took Office Left Office Home State Party Vice President(s)
1 George Washington 1789 1797 Virginia No party John Adams

Template:Clear

Prime Ministers of the Empire of Japan

Meiji period

A# I# Name Portrait Took Office Left Office Political Party
Rōmaji Kanji
1 1 Hirobumi Itō
(1st term)
伊藤 博文 80px 22 December 1885 30 April 1888 None
2 2 Kiyotaka Kuroda 黒田 清隆 80px 30 April 1888 25 October 1889[1] None
- - Sanetomi Sanjō[2]
(stopgap Cabinet)
三條 實美 80px 25 October 1889 24 December 1889 None
3 3 Aritomo Yamagata
(1st term)
山縣 有朋 80px 24 December 1889 6 May 1891 None
4 4 Masayoshi Matsukata
(1st term)
松方 正義 80px 6 May 1891 8 August 1892 None
5 - Hirobumi Itō
(2nd term)
伊藤 博文 80px 8 August 1892 31 August 1896[3] None
During this interval, Privy Council Chairman Kiyotaka Kuroda (黒田 清隆) was the Acting Prime Minister.
6 - Masayoshi Matsukata
(2nd term)
松方 正義 80px 18 September 1896 12 January 1898 None
7 - Hirobumi Itō
(3rd term)
伊藤 博文 80px 12 January 1898 30 June 1898 None
8 5 Shigenobu Ōkuma
(1st term)
大隈 重信 80px 30 June 1898 8 November 1898 Kenseitō
(Constitutional Party)
9 - Aritomo Yamagata
(2nd term)
山縣 有朋 80px 8 November 1898 19 October 1900 None
10 - Hirobumi Itō
(4th term)
伊藤 博文 80px 19 October 1900 10 May 1901[3] Rikken Seiyūkai
(Friends of Constitutional Government)
During this interval, Privy Council Chairman Kinmochi Saionji (西園寺 公望) was the Acting Prime Minister.
11 6 Tarō Katsura
(1st term)
桂 太郎 80px 2 June 1901 7 January 1906 None
(Retired General)
12 7 Kinmochi Saionji
(1st term)
西園寺 公望 80px 7 January 1906 14 July 1908 Rikken Seiyūkai
(Friends of Constitutional Government)
13 - Tarō Katsura
(2nd term)
桂 太郎 80px 14 July 1908 30 August 1911 None
(Retired General)
14 - Kinmochi Saionji
(2nd term)
西園寺 公望 80px 30 August 1911 21 December 1912 Rikken Seiyūkai
(Friends of Constitutional Government)

Taishō period

A# I# Name Portrait Took Office Left Office Political Party
Rōmaji Kanji
15 - Tarō Katsura
(3rd term)
桂 太郎 80px 21 December 1912 20 February 1913 None
(Retired General)
16 8 Gonbee Yamamoto
(1st term)
山本 權兵衞 80px 20 February 1913 16 April 1914 Military
(Navy)
17 - Shigenobu Ōkuma
(2nd term)
大隈 重信 80px 16 April 1914 9 October 1916 Rikken Dōshikai
(Constitutional Association of Friends)
18 9 Masatake Terauchi 寺內 正毅 80px 9 October 1916 29 September 1918 Military
(Army)
19 10 Takashi Hara 原 敬 80px 29 September 1918 4 November 1921[4] Rikken Seiyūkai
(Friends of Constitutional Government)
During this interval, Foreign Minister Yasuya Uchida (内田 康哉) was the Acting Prime Minister.
20 11 Korekiyo Takahashi 高橋 是清 80px 13 November 1921 12 June 1922 Rikken Seiyūkai
(Friends of Constitutional Government)
21 12 Tomosaburō Katō 加藤 友三郎 80px 12 June 1922 24 August 1923[5] Military
(Navy)
During this interval, Foreign Minister Yasuya Uchida (内田 康哉) was the Acting Prime Minister.
22 - Gonbee Yamamoto
(2nd term)
山本 權兵衞 80px 2 September 1923 7 January 1924 Military
(Navy)
23 13 Keigo Kiyoura 清浦 奎吾 80px 7 January 1924 11 June 1924 None
24 14 Takaaki Katō 加藤 高明 80px 11 June 1924 2 August 1925[6] Kenseikai
(Constitutional Party)
2 August 1925 28 January 1926[5] Kenseikai
(Constitutional Party)
During this interval, Interior Minister Reijirō Wakatsuki (若槻 禮次郎) was the Acting Prime Minister.
25 15 Reijirō Wakatsuki
(1st term)
若槻 禮次郎 80px 30 January 1926 20 April 1927 Kenseikai
(Constitutional Party)

Shōwa period

A# I# Name Portrait Took Office Left Office Political Party
Rōmaji Kanji
26 16 Giichi Tanaka 田中 義一 80px 20 April 1927 2 July 1929 Rikken Seiyūkai
(Friends of Constitutional Government)
27 17 Osachi Hamaguchi 濱口 雄幸 80px 2 July 1929 14 April 1931[7] Rikken Minseitō
(Constitutional Democratic Party)
28 - Reijirō Wakatsuki
(2nd term)
若槻 禮次郎 80px 14 April 1931 13 December 1931 Rikken Minseitō
(Constitutional Democratic Party)
29 18 Tsuyoshi Inukai 犬養 毅 80px 13 December 1931 16 May 1932[4] Rikken Seiyūkai
(Friends of Constitutional Government)
During this interval, Finance Minister Korekiyo Takahashi (高橋 是清) was the Acting Prime Minister.
30 19 Makoto Saitō 齋藤 實 80px 26 May 1932 8 July 1934 Military
(Navy)
31 20 Keisuke Okada 岡田 啓介 80px 8 July 1934 9 March 1936[8] Military
(Navy)
32 21 Kōki Hirota 廣田 弘毅 80px 9 March 1936 2 February 1937 None
33 22 Senjūrō Hayashi 林 銑十郎 80px 2 February 1937 4 June 1937 Military
(Army)
34 23 Fumimaro Konoe
(1st term)
近衞 文麿 80px 4 June 1937 5 January 1939 None
35 24 Kiichirō Hiranuma 平沼 騏一郎 80px 5 January 1939 30 August 1939 None
36 25 Nobuyuki Abe 阿部 信行 80px 30 August 1939 16 January 1940 Military
(Army)
37 26 Mitsumasa Yonai 米内 光政 80px 16 January 1940 22 July 1940 Military
(Navy)
38 - Fumimaro Konoe
(2nd term)
近衞 文麿 80px 22 July 1940 18 July 1941 Taisei Yokusankai
(Imperial Rule Assistance Association)
39 (3rd term) 18 July 1941 18 October 1941 Taisei Yokusankai
(Imperial Rule Assistance Association)
40 27 Hideki Tōjō 東條 英機 80px 18 October 1941 22 July 1944 Military
(Army)
41 28 Kuniaki Koiso 小磯 國昭 80px 22 July 1944 7 April 1945 Military
(Army)
42 29 Kantarō Suzuki 鈴木 貫太郎 80px 7 April 1945 17 August 1945 Military
(Navy)
Chamberlain
43 30 HIH Prince Naruhiko
of Higashikuni
東久邇宮
稔彦王
80px 17 August 1945 9 October 1945 The Imperial Family
44 31 Kijūrō Shidehara 幣原 喜重郎 80px 9 October 1945 22 May 1946 None
45 32 Shigeru Yoshida
(1st term)
吉田 茂 80px 22 May 1946 24 May 1947 Liberal

Prime Ministers of Japan

Shōwa period

A# I# Name Portrait Took Office Left Office Political Party
Rōmaji Kanji
46 33 Tetsu Katayama 片山 哲 80px 24 May 1947 10 March 1948 Socialist
47 34 Hitoshi Ashida 芦田 均 80px 10 March 1948 15 October 1948 Democratic
48 - Shigeru Yoshida
(2nd term)
吉田 茂 80px 15 October 1948 16 February 1949 Liberal
49 (3rd term) 16 February 1949 30 October 1952 Liberal
50 (4th term) 30 October 1952 21 May 1953 Liberal
51 (5th term) 21 May 1953 10 December 1954 Liberal
52 35 Ichirō Hatoyama
(1st term)
鳩山 一郎 80px 10 December 1954 19 March 1955 Democratic
53 (2nd term) 19 March 1955 22 November 1955 Democratic
54 (3rd term) 22 November 1955 23 December 1956 Liberal Democratic
55 36 Tanzan Ishibashi 石橋 湛山 80px 23 December 1956 25 February 1957[9] Liberal Democratic
56 37 Nobusuke Kishi
(1st term)
岸 信介 80px 25 February 1957 12 June 1958 Liberal Democratic
57 (2nd term) 12 June 1958 19 July 1960 Liberal Democratic
58 38 Hayato Ikeda
(1st term)
池田 勇人 80px 19 July 1960 8 December 1960 Liberal Democratic
59 (2nd term) 8 December 1960 9 December 1963 Liberal Democratic
60 (3rd term) 9 December 1963 9 November 1964 Liberal Democratic
61 39 Eisaku Satō
(1st term)
佐藤 榮作 80px 9 November 1964 17 February 1967 Liberal Democratic
62 (2nd term) 17 February 1967 14 January 1970 Liberal Democratic
63 (3rd term) 14 January 1970 7 July 1972 Liberal Democratic
64 40 Kakuei Tanaka
(1st term)
田中 角榮 80px 7 July 1972 22 December 1972 Liberal Democratic
65 (2nd term) 22 December 1972 9 December 1974 Liberal Democratic
66 41 Takeo Miki 三木 武夫 80px 9 December 1974 24 December 1976 Liberal Democratic
67 42 Takeo Fukuda 福田 赳夫 80px 24 December 1976 7 December 1978 Liberal Democratic
68 43 Masayoshi Ōhira
(1st term)
大平 正芳 80px 7 December 1978 9 November 1979 Liberal Democratic
69 (2nd term) 9 November 1979 12 June 1980[5] Liberal Democratic
During this interval, Chief Cabinet Secretary Masayoshi Itō (伊東 正義) was the Acting Prime Minister.
70 44 Zenkō Suzuki 鈴木 善幸 80px 17 July 1980 27 November 1982 Liberal Democratic
71 45 Yasuhiro Nakasone
(1st term)
中曾根 康弘 80px 27 November 1982 27 December 1983 Liberal Democratic
72 (2nd term) 27 December 1983 22 July 1986 Liberal Democratic
73 (3rd term) 22 July 1986 6 November 1987 Liberal Democratic
74 46 Noboru Takeshita 竹下 登 80px 6 November 1987 3 June 1989 Liberal Democratic

Heisei period

A# I# Name Portrait Took Office Left Office Political Party
Rōmaji Kanji
75 47 Sōsuke Uno 宇野 宗佑 80px 3 June 1989 10 August 1989 Liberal Democratic
76 48 Toshiki Kaifu
(1st term)
海部 俊樹 80px 10 August 1989 28 February 1990 Liberal Democratic
77 (2nd term) 28 February 1990 5 November 1991 Liberal Democratic
78 49 Kiichi Miyazawa 宮澤 喜一 80px 5 November 1991 9 August 1993 Liberal Democratic
79 50 Morihiro Hosokawa 細川 護熙 80px 9 August 1993 28 April 1994 Japan New
80 51 Tsutomu Hata 羽田 孜 80px 28 April 1994 30 June 1994 Renewal
81 52 Tomiichi Murayama 村山 富市 80px 30 June 1994 11 January 1996 Socialist
82 53 Ryūtarō Hashimoto
(1st term)
橋本 龍太郎 80px 11 January 1996 7 November 1996 Liberal Democratic
83 (2nd term) 7 November 1996 30 July 1998 Liberal Democratic
84 54 Keizō Obuchi 小渕 恵三 80px 30 July 1998 5 April 2000[10] Liberal Democratic
85 55 Yoshirō Mori
(1st term)
森 喜朗 80px 5 April 2000 4 July 2000 Liberal Democratic
86 (2nd term) 4 July 2000 26 April 2001 Liberal Democratic
87 56 Junichirō Koizumi
(1st term)
小泉 純一郎 80px 26 April 2001 19 November 2003 Liberal Democratic
88 (2nd term) 19 November 2003 21 September 2005 Liberal Democratic
89 (3rd term) 21 September 2005 26 September 2006 Liberal Democratic
90 57 Shinzō Abe 安倍 晋三 80px 26 September 2006 26 September 2007 Liberal Democratic
91 58 Yasuo Fukuda 福田 康夫 80px 26 September 2007 24 September 2008 Liberal Democratic
92 59 Taro Aso 麻生 太郎 80px 24 September 2008 Incumbent Liberal Democratic


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