New map of San Francisco Bay after the earthquake
|Date||28 January 2013|
|Epicenter||San Francisco Bay|
|Countries or regions||
United States of America
|Total damage||Flooding, liquidation, fires, landslides, devastation of urban areas, massive loss of life.|
The Great San Franciso Bay Earthquake was an 11.5 magnitude megathrust earthquake in the center of San Francisco Bay on January 28, 2013. It was the most powerful earthquake to strike the US, and is first most powerful earthquake in history. The earthquake triggered tsunamis as high as 9ft, causing more damage along Hawaii, Russia, China, and both Korea's.
Damage and Effects
The damage cost by the earthquake was never seen before in human history, with many populated areas gone. The earthquake also caused large losses in life and habitat.
Port of San Francisco and Port of Oakland were destroyed in the earthquake, due to liquidation and the collaspe of structures in the area. To replace the loss of two major ports, land reclamation begins, with the Port of San Jose being built along the new coastline of San Francisco Bay.
Dams and water
All water mains running from San Francisco to other parts of the state were shut off, when the ground liquified and sunk, taking tons of concrete piping and irrigation pipes with it. Hetch Hetchy and Lexington Reservoirs were also drained.
Shasta Dam, according to witness, collasped, sending an wall of water down into Sacramento Valley, wiping away many homes and towns, and increased the damage to the area around Sacramento.
The Golden Gate Bridge, Oakland Bay Bridge, San Francisco International Airport, and Oakland International Airport were lost, when the ground beneath liquidated and sunk, taking with them thousands of people, many who were trapped in aircraft, buses, trains, and cars. San Jose was the only airport to survive the earthquake, and became the hot spot for relief. CalTrain and BART were shuttered since most of their trackage was now gone, and Amtrak discontinued the Capitol Corridor and San Joaquin since most of their trackage was in the affected area, and re-routed the Coast Starlight via Altamont Pass.
The earthquake led to the sinkage and collasping of Sacramento, taking Governor Jerry Brown and much of California's history with it. San Jose became the capital of California once more, and the replaced San Francisco as an growing port.
Mt. Diablo unexpectedly erupted, revealing that it was a volcano the whole time. Pyroclastic flows destroyed Danville and Clayton and caused even more deaths and stopped relief efforst into California.
Here's a list of things that are destroyed:
- San Francisco
- Golden Gate Bridge
- Oakland Bay Bridge
- California State Univeristy, Sacramento
- San Francisco State University, San Francisco
- University of California, Berkeley
- University of California, San Francisco
- AT&T Park
- Candlestick Park (replaced by Levi's Stadium in Santa Clara)
- Most of the San Francisco Giants and 49ers
- Alcatraz Island
- CalTrain and BART forced to close their doors
- California's Great America declared a total loss and sold to Walt Disney Parks & Resorts
- Amtrak discontinues Capitol Corridor and San Joaquin