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The Canadian federal election, 2019 (formally the 43rd general election) was held on October 23, 2019, to elect members to the House of Commons of the Canadian parliament.
The writs of election for the 2019 election were issued by Governor General Robert Rae on Septmber 5. This was the first Canadian Federal Election held under the Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) system. It also saw the creation of the first coalition government in Canada since Confederation.
The Liberal Party, led by incumbent Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, won 153 seats, allowing it to form a coalition government with the Green Party and NDP. The Conservative Party, led by leader of the Opposition Jason Kenney, won 102 seats, retaing the status of the Official Opposition for another 4 years. The New Democratic Party, led by Thomas Mulcair, won 67 seats, becoming the third-largest party in the House of Commons, increasing it's seat total slightly from the 2015 election. The Green Party won 19 seats, attaining official party status for the first time in its history. Minor parties won 9 of the seats, all of these going to the Bloc Quebecois.
Following the election result, Bloc Quebecois leader Rheal Fortin resigned as party leader. Conservative party leader Jason Kenney vowed to stay on as leader of the party, but was later thrown out in a leadership coup in December. This election saw the first time that the Green party and NDP entered into government, albeit in a coalition with the dominant Liberal Party.
All parties except for the Liberal, Green, and Libertarian parties saw a decrease in their popular vote shares since 2015.