|Barack Hussein Obama|
|44th President of the United States|
January 20, 2009 - January 20, 2017
|Vice President:||Joe Biden|
|Preceded by:||George W. Bush|
|Succeeded by:||Hillary Clinton|
|US Senator of Illinois|
January 3, 2005 - November 16, 2008
|Preceded by:||Peter Fitzgerald|
|Succeeded by:||Roland Burris|
|Born:||August 4th, 1961|
|Children:||Sasha (b 1998) Malia (b 2001)|
|Alma mater:||Harvard Law|
Barack Hussein Obama (August 4, 1961) was the 44th President of the United States, serving from 2009 to 2017 and ambassador to the United Nations upon the expiration of his term by the 22nd Amendment. He is widely remembered for his management of the Iran, Afghan and Pakistan wars, his leadership to expand the role of the federal government to deal with the Great Recession, the Flood and the deployment of the US Navy to Libya to protect pro-Democracy revolutionaries.
Table of Contents
President Obama focused most of his first term on building a coalition of support among the world's leading economic superpowers to pull the global economy out of spiral. His first meeting with the G-20 is largely signaled as a symbolic victory in repairing US-Foreign relations, but never truly achieved anything substantive in solving the Great Recession.
President Obama spent much of his presidency perusing nuclear non-proliferation treaties with foreign powers, his first being New START with the Russian Federation. This policy carried over into many of his other geopolitical actions, the two mot notable being Operation Desert Sun against Iran, and the Pakistan War, where the US and her allies directly engaged foreign powers who's nuclear arsenals were considered a direct threat to the security of the region and the United States.
Upon entering office, President Obama immediately sought to end the US war in Iraq, which was and remains widely viewed as a major geopolitical mistake on the part of the United States. In August of 2010 the last combat brigades left Iraq, leaving only 50000 non-combat personnel to maintain American interests. This policy was universally criticized by both the left and right of the American political spectrum, however it proved vital during Operation Desert Sun, where the US was able to strike Iranian nuclear sites with minimal resistance.
Afghanistan and PakistanEdit
President Obama spent much of the first term managing the US counterinsurgency in Afghanistan and Pakistan. While publicly much of the conflict was fought by conventional forces and drone warfare, until the draw-down in 2011, covertly the US was waging the largest covert war in its history. Under President Obama's authorization, drone warfare skyrocketed as a war-fighting method, and US Special Forces teams and clandestine, "Kill Squads," were implemented to neutralize the terrorist threat. While in the public's eye the War in Afghanistan was the misguided front of the War on Terrorism, the President and his advisers had privately concluded that covert operations were the best way to neutralize Al Qaeda.
In 2011, with the death of the terrorist leader Osama Bin Laden by US Delta Force teams in Pakistan, President Obama announced a "spiritual end," to the war on terror, and increased the rate of American troop withdrawals from the region, completely withdrawing by 2017.
Often considered both his greatest and worst diplomatic failure and his greatest diplomatic victory, President Obama's efforts to end Iran's nuclear program were often the subject of much fear and worry in the national press. Originally seen as a paper tiger by the public under President Bush, President Obama revealed to the world that Iran was indeed attempting to proliferate nuclear weapons. After years of negotiation, and economic sanctions under the blessing of the UN Security Council, Iran was confirmed to be building a bomb in the fall of 2011.
President Obama immediately called Prime Minister Netanyahu of Israel, to persuade him not to attack Iran for fear of sparking a wider middle eastern conflict. The US then launched a series of missile strikes on Iranian nuclear facilities under the name Operation Desert Sun. These strikes crippled Iran's ability to make a bomb, and with united support from the international community the Mullah regime eventually fell to the Green Revolution which established a moderate democratic government. Relations with the west were still only lukewarm, but the success of Desert Sun is often believed to be the President's greatest geopolitical achievement.
President Obama's dealings with China were never more than lukewarm, as President Hu Jintao largely perceived the resurgence of a dynamic American leader as a threat to the growing Chinese economic superpower. When the "Flood" began and the Chinese Civil War followed, Obama drove a US policy of neutrality towards the war, allowing the US to avoid paying off their debt to either side until after the war ended, easing the burden of the US-China deficit. President Obama did ultimately endorse the Democratic forces following the burst of the Three Gorges Dam.
In 2012 President Obama ordered the deployment of the US Army to the US-Mexican border as the violence of Mexican Drug Cartels began more frequently spill over the border. As the crisis in Mexico worsened, so did criticism of the US Drug war that was indirectly backing the Cartels. With the onset of the Flood and the human flood of refugees into Northern Mexico, the Cartels were declared a direct threat to National Security, resulting in a limited conflict in Mexico against the drug Cartels by the US Military. This conflict is considered Obama's greatest failure, as it carried over into the Clinton administration and did not end until the US had unofficially annexed Mexico.
2009 Economic StimulusEdit
American Economic Recover and Reinvestment Plan, better known as the "Stimulus" was a massive surge in tax cuts for the middle class, and economic stimulus. The plan was met with luke warm reception by economists who argued the plan didn't go far enough to grow the economy and should include more stimulus spending. The plan did show a mark success in recovering the American financial sector, but did little to create more jobs than it saved. The plan really did not begin to show fruitful results until 18 months after it had been implemented, leading to a period of fairly low domestic approval ratings for the president on the economy.
FY 2010 BudgetEdit
The largest growth in government in US history, the FY 2010 Budget created a 3.5 trillion dollar government debt, and was largely focused on reforming healthcare, and funding greater economic stimulus programs.
American High Speed Rail ActEdit
One of the largest investments in American infrastructure. The High Speed Rail Act linked the major cities of America togeather with high speed rail lines. This greatly reduced American CO2 emmissions.
Green America ActEdit
Known as the New New Deal by conservatives, the Green America Act of 2011 spent billions to create an American Green Economy. Passed in 2011. The plan sent billions to solar cell manufacturers, wind farms, and put a long term investment on the Smart Grid (a down payment was made by the Stimulus). The plan also finalized the funding for an American highspeed rail network, the largest of any nation at the time, and ultimately put some 10 million people back to work.
The War on DrugsEdit
President Obama is largely criticized for his condescending responses towards calls for ending the drug war. Already 75% of Americans believed the war on drugs was not working, and as the Mexican Cartel war escalated, the president showed little sign of wanting to end the policy war. Obama received harsh criticism on the Blogosphere for his veto of the first piece of legislation that would have decriminalized marijuana for recreational purposes, and did not sign the second bill until after the Cartel War escalated into what some were calling a quagmire.
President Obama did very little to end FCC censorship of radio and television, but was the most active president in promoting net-neutrality, and signed the 2010 On-Line Communication Act into law on January 29th, 2010.
The Torture MemosEdit
Many were angered by President Obama's desire to "move forward," when dealing with the calls to prosecute the Bush administration, even as the White House released scores of documents, now known as the Torture Memos, only intensifying the country's outrage towards the former president and the former Justice Department lawyers. In April 2009, President Obama began to shift his position, and while maintaining that the CIA should not be prosecuted for carrying out orders from the President, he asked Attorney General Holder to begin examining any federal crimes the Bush administration may have committed. The final tally rested at 375, but the former Layers John Yoo and Judge Jay Bybee were never prosecuted, only disbarred. In 2010 following the resounding victory for democrats and the first libertarians and populists (conservadems) the President finally called for a special prosecutor, stating, "While I did not want my presidency to be about retribution or a partisan investigation, the evidence of injustice is overwhelming. No one is above the law, and while I still fear partisan politics in this investigation, I am willing to take the risk to uphold our constitutional obligations." While the Bush Trials did begin by May 2010, criticism over the president's failure to call for reconciliation from the start continues to this day.
One of President Obama's first acts upon entering office was insuring some 6 million children under federal healthcare programs. Shortly thereafter the FY 2010 budget placed additional funding towards healthcare reform. When the Senator Al Franken was finally seated, giving the Democrats a supermajority, President Obama began to craft his Universal Healthcare Act through congress. The bill (ultimately an algamation of the late Senator Ted Kennedy, Chris Dodd, Max Bacus, and the President's plans) narrowly passed without a public health insurance option in March of 2010 after many delays in the House and Senate. The process of crafing the bill revealed the deep political divide in America as no other policy had in recent years; the most notable examples being the so called, "Town Hall Protests," "Tea Baggers," and "Deathers," where liberal and conservatives often entered into open conflict over the plan. After much negoiation in Washington with Republicans and Conservative Democrats, President Obama began a much more aggressive campaign for healthcare reform, turning around some of the lowest polls of his presidency, and gaining support from moderates and liberals alike. The plan, however, was somewhat watered down by Senate Republicans and conservative Democrats, but did cover 95% Americans, and promised to reduce the federal deficit by over a trillion dollars by 2030. The victory assured the Democrats majorities in both houses of Congress and even resulted in some primary upsets for progressives. President Obama eventually was able to pass a more progressive amendment to the original bill in 2012, and placed an earmark that covered genetic or stem cell therapies. Once signed the bill let Obama claim victory over his greatest campaign promise from 2008.
Supreme Court NomineesEdit
- Sonia Sotomayor - 2009, replacing David Souter making Obama the first President to appoint a hispanic to the Supreme Court
- Elena Kagan - 2010, replacing John Paul Stevens.
- Goodwin Liu - 2015, replacing Ruth Bader Ginsburg making Obama the first President to appoint an Asian-American to the Supreme Court
The president was the first to appoint two women in one presidency following the retirements of David Souter and John Paul Stevens .
2012 Presidential CampaignEdit
Obama won a generally expected victory over Republican Mitt Romney in the 2012 election, winning 332 electoral votes and 51% of the vote nation wide. During the campaign, Romney had made many strategic blunders, including stating that 47% of Americans did not want to better themselves and that it was not his job to worry about them. In the first debate, Obama appeared sedated and was considered to have done poorly, but strong performances in the next to debates secured him the election.
After leaving the office in 2017, Obama spent Time at home in Illinois with his family before touring the world supporting gun control and non-nuclear profileration. In 2026 he was nominated to be the U.S ambassador to the United Nations.