Islamic Republic of Al-Ahvaz
|Oct 13 2012 - Jan 12 2013|
|Official languages||Arabic, Persian|
October 13 2012
ISO 3166 code
|<-- Preceded by||Iran|
|--> Succeeded by||Shia Iraq|
Al-Ahvaz, or just Ahvaz, officially the Islamic Republic of Al-Ahvaz, was a short-lived nation in the Middle East. It declared independence on October 13 2012, after a coalition had occupied coastal Iran during the Iran War. 3 months later, on January 12 2013, Al-Ahvaz joined as a part of Shia Iraq.
Main article: Iran War
In July 2012, the Iran War, between Iran and a coalition with the United States in the lead, began. Iran had a controversial nuclear program that the Coalition wanted to get rid of, and when Iran closed the important Strait of Hormuz, the war officially started. When the Iran War ended in December, Iran was fully occupied by the Coalition and some areas declared independence, including Arab-inhabited Khuzestan, known as Al-Ahvaz, which did it on October 13 after the occupation of coastal Iran.
Iraqi Civil War and unification with Shia IraqEdit
Main article: Iraqi Civil War
On January 5 2013, the Iraqi Civil War began after southeastern Iraq declared independence as the Shia Islamic Republic of Iraq. Iraqi Kurdistan had previously also declared independence and united with the other Kurdish regions. When the exile government of Iran as well as Al-Ahvaz declared their support to Shia Iraq, the same coalition as the one that occupied Iran entered the war on Sunni Iraq's side. Al-Ahvaz eventually joined as a part of Shia Iraq on January 12. On January 15, the Coalition started invading Shia Iraq, and on March 23, the Iraqi Civil War ended with coalitional victory. This meant that former Al-Ahvaz became part of Iraq instead of Iran, which it declared independence from.
On April 1, Iraq, with the exception of Kurdistan, was reunited into the Federal Republic of Iraq and now consisted of 2 self-governing provinces, the Sunni Province and the Shia Federation, and 1 district, Baghdad.