863 is a large-scale Chinese hi-tech R&D program of China. It is an umbrella for over 4,500 chinese projects including:

  • Supercomputering - 10 Million Megaflops and up.
  • Rice genome; also rice suitable for growing in space;
  • Drugs preventing early pregnancy, virus based anti-cancer treatment, hepatitis B vaccination - all at clinical trials stage.
  • Semi-conductor based lighting - presumed to be an extension of semiconductor lasers.
  • Process improvements for silicon wafer fabrication.
  • Use of superconducting cable in the national grid
  • Medical robots perform 607 brain surgery operations (as of end 2004).